This section is intended as a guide to the indicators chosen for these profiles. It provides a description of the significance of each indicator and what it tells us about the status of development in each of the districts and provinces.
Administration and Governance
The profiles in each district and province begin with administrative information on the numbers of wards and local-level governments as well as the headquarters for each province or district. In Papua New Guinea, the administrative boundaries are coextensive with electoral boundaries. This is a useful situation when it comes to these profiles, as it is possible to look at political representation directly alongside the development indicators for each unit of government and administration. However, there are also problems associated with having the administrative boundaries linked to electoral boundaries. Administrative boundaries can often be long-standing and rooted in history, while electoral boundaries need to respond to changing demographics. For instance, electoral boundaries should cover approximately equal population units, so that representation is reasonably equal across the country. This is especially important because PNG has single-member districts, that is, only one Member of Parliament represents each district. In reality, this is not the case. Across the country, there is no uniformity on the size (in terms of population) of local-level, district and provincial government jurisdictions. The vested interests in the ‘status quo’ have also made it very
difficult for the Electoral Boundaries Commission to successfully change electoral boundaries to bring them more in-line with the demographic characteristics of the
One challenge in PNG is to get a definitive list of administrative units because the National Statistical Office, the National Mapping Bureau and the Department of Provincial and Local Government Affairs (DPLGA) all have slightly different lists, especially at the local-level government and ward levels. A careful reader will notice that often the district and provincial maps, supplied by the National Mapping Bureau, and the
listing of local-level governments, supplied by the DPLGA differ in many districts. This will continue to frustrate any department involved in the collection of statistics until there is some resolution of administrative units, and their names and boundaries, at the
The profiles also give some basic information on the political representation within each
province and district, by individual and by political party in the period since 2002. This
section could be expanded in the future to develop a longer term picture of political
governance in each of the districts and provinces.